Browse Publications Technical Papers 2007-01-0217
2007-04-16

Study on Combustion Chamber Geometry Effects in an HCCI Engine Using High-Speed Cycle-Resolved Chemiluminescence Imaging 2007-01-0217

The aim of this study is to see how geometry generated turbulence affects the Rate of Heat Release (ROHR) in an HCCI engine. HCCI combustion is limited in load due to high peak pressures and too fast combustion. If the speed of combustion can be decreased the load range can be extended. Therefore two different combustion chamber geometries were investigated, one with a disc shape and one with a square bowl in piston. The later one provokes squish-generated gas flow into the bowl causing turbulence. The disc shaped combustion chamber was used as a reference case. Combustion duration and ROHR were studied using heat release analysis. A Scania D12 Diesel engine, converted to port injected HCCI with ethanol was used for the experiments. An engine speed of 1200 rpm was applied throughout the tests. The effect of air/fuel ratio and combustion phasing was also studied. The behavior of the heat release was correlated with high speed chemiluminescence imaging for both combustion chamber geometries. Optical access was enabled from beneath by a quartz piston and a 45 degree mirror. It was found that the square bowl in piston generates higher turbulence levels resulting in half the ROHR and twice as long combustion duration as the disc shaped combustion chamber. By using a resolution of 3 images per CAD, the fast gas movements during the entire HCCI combustion process could be studied inside the bowl.

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