Effect of Air Temperature and Humidity on Gasoline HCCI Operating in the Negative-Valve-Overlap Mode 2007-01-0221
The impact of intake air temperature and humidity on gasoline HCCI engine operation was assessed. The 2.3 L I4 production engine modified for single cylinder operation was controlled by using variable cam phasing on both the intake and exhaust valve in the negative-valve-overlap mode. Exhaust cam phasing was mainly used to control load, and intake cam phasing was mainly used to control combustion phasing. At stoichiometric condition, higher intake air temperature advanced combustion phasing and promoted knock, resulting in a 19% reduction of the Net Indicated Mean Effective Pressure (NIMEP) at the high load limit at 1500 rpm when intake temperature was changed from −10 to 100° C. Higher ambient humidity delayed combustion phasing. For stoichiometric operation, this delay allowed a small extension (a few tenths of a bar in NIMEP) in the high load limit when the moisture concentration was changed from 3 to 30 g/m3 (corresponding to 10-100% relative humidity at 28° C). The low load limit was not sensitive to the ambient temperature and humidity because of the high level of residual present.