Browse Publications Technical Papers 2007-01-0261
2007-04-16

Direct Comparison of an Engine Working under Otto, Miller and Diesel Cycles: Thermodynamic Analysis and Real Engine Performance 2007-01-0261

One of the ways to improve thermodynamic efficiency of Spark Ignition engines is by the optimisation of valve timing and lift and compression ratio. The throttleless engine and the Miller cycle engine are proven concepts for efficiency improvements of such engines.
This paper reports on an engine with variable valve timing (VVT) and variable compression ratio (VCR) in order to fulfill such an enhancement of efficiency. Engine load is controlled by the valve opening period (enabling throttleless operation and Miller cycle), while the variable compression ratio keeps the efficiency high throughout all speed and load conditions.
A computer model is used to simulate such an engine and evaluate its improvement potential, while a single cylinder engine demonstrates these results.
The same base engine was run on the test bench under the Diesel cycle, Otto cycle and Miller cycle conditions, enabling direct thermodynamic comparisons under a wide variety of conditions of speed and load.
The results show a significant improvement of the Miller cycle over the Otto cycle engine. Comparisons of the Miller engine with the Diesel engine shown that it is possible to have a SI engine with better efficiency than a similar Diesel engine for most of the working conditions.

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