Measuring NOx in the Presence of Ammonia 2007-01-0331
The use of Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) for NOx emissions control has resulted in a new challenge for the emissions measurement community. Most SCR systems require injection of urea or ammonia into the exhaust stream. Residual ammonia present in vehicle exhaust can have deleterious effects on NOx analyzers using chemiluminescent detectors (CLD). Ammonia can poison converter catalysts in CLD NOx analyzers and may react with NO2 across the converter. Both of these issues lead to erroneous NOx measurements, as well as increased maintenance costs and downtime. This paper will describe the development and use of a low-cost, simple ammonia scrubber that can easily be integrated into sampling systems and requires little change in test cell maintenance procedures. Validation results show the scrubber to have capacity sufficient to last for a full day of testing of typical vehicles. Prototype vehicles with a large overshoot in ammonia injection require changing the scrubber more frequently. Data collected from validation tests show the scrubber to be better than 99% efficient in removing ammonia while not interfering with other gaseous measurements.