Browse Publications Technical Papers 2007-01-0537

Waste Heat Recovery of Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines by Organic Rankine Cycle Part I: Hybrid Energy System of Diesel and Rankine Engines 2007-01-0537

Waste heat from a heavy-duty truck diesel engine is analyzed employing the first and second law of thermodynamics. A hybrid energy system is proposed, with the diesel cycle being hybridized with an organic Rankine cycle for waste heat recovery (ORC-WHR). The charge air cooler and EGR cooler(s) are integrated in the ORC loop as pre-heaters and the ORC working fluid serves as the coolant for these coolers. A supercritical reciprocating Rankine engine is proposed, which avoids using the high-cost evaporator and is easier for the system packaging. It is demonstrated in a case study that up to 20 % of waste heat from the heavy-duty diesel engine may be recovered by the supercritical ORC-WHR system, making the efficiency for the hybrid energy system be ≥ 50%. Discussion on working fluids for the WHR-ORC system is covered in Part II of this paper.


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