Browse Publications Technical Papers 2007-01-0644
2007-04-16

Crank Angle Resolved Determination of Fuel Concentration and Air/Fuel Ratio in a SI-Internal Combustion Engine Using a Modified Optical Spark Plug 2007-01-0644

A fiber optical sensor system was used to detect the local fuel concentration in the vicinity of the spark position in a cylinder of a four-stroke SI production engine. The fuel concentration was determined by the infrared absorption method, which allows crank angle resolved fuel concentration measurements during multiple successive engine cycles. The sensor detects the attenuation of infrared radiation in the 3.4 μm wavelength region due to the infrared vibrational-rotational absorption band of hydrocarbons (HC). The absorption path was integrated in a modified spark plug and a tungsten halide lamp was used as an infrared light source. All investigations were carried out on a four-stroke spark ignition engine with fuel injection into the intake manifold. The measurements were made under starting conditions of the engine, which means a low engine speed. The engine operated with common gasoline (Euro Super) at different air/fuel-ratios. Time resolved fuel concentration variations in the vicinity of the sparking position were investigated for single engine cycles, the mixing process of motored and fired cycles was examined. In order to derive air/fuel-ratios from the measured HC-concentrations a special approximation method was used. Small differences between preset overall air/fuel-ratios could be verified. The effects of different air/fuel-ratios on mixture formation were investigated crank angle resolved.

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