Failure Mode Characterization of AHSS in Automotive Seat Structure Assemblies 2007-01-0791
In the last few years, there has been a greater emphasis on using advanced lightweight materials in automotive applications, primarily to realize better fuel economy and cost-effectiveness. In response to the demand for such materials, many new grades of steel are now available that offer a wide variety of mechanical properties and manufacturability indices. The new class of steel, known as Advanced High Strength Steels (AHSS) offer better strength-to-weight ratios than conventional cold rolled steels, and could be utilized to design cost effective structures. The paper will discuss the application of using the AHSS steel in an automotive rear seat frame structure. The items to be discussed include the manufacturability of AHSS, the load transfer method of such structures, joining methods used in such an application, and design challenges of modeling in FEA. Test results of seat structures with a comparative analysis with FEA will be reviewed. The type of failure mode resulting from a AHSS seat structure assembly subjected to loads exceeding the linear elastic range of material will be reviewed and recommendations for future study will be made.