Recent MVFRI Research in Crash-Induced Vehicle Fire Safety 2007-01-0880
The research reported in this paper is a follow-on to a five year research program conducted by General Motors in accordance with an administrative Settlement Agreement reached with the US Department of Transportation. This paper is the fourth in a series of technical papers intended to disseminate the results of the ongoing research [Digges 2004, 2005, 2006]. This paper summarizes progress in several of the projects to better understand the crash factors that are associated with crash induced fires. Part I of the paper presents the distribution of fire cases in NASS/CDS by damage severity and injury severity. It also examines the distributions by crash mode, fire origin, and fuel leakage location. The distributions of cases with fires and entrapment are also examined. Part II of the paper provides summaries of recent projects performed by MVFRI contractors. Technologies to reduce fuel leakage from siphoning and rollover are documented. Other research projects discussed include underhood temperature measurement, fire investigation training, and a fireworthiness test of vehicle with a compressed hydrogen tank.