Filtration Behavior of Diesel Particulate Filters (2) 2007-01-0923
Due to its better fuel efficiency and low CO2 emissions, the number of diesel engine vehicles is increasing worldwide. Since they have high Particulate Matter (PM) emissions, tighter emission regulations will be enforced in Europe, the US, and Japan over the coming years. The Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) has made it possible to meet the tighter regulations and Silicon Carbide and Cordierite DPF's have been applied to various vehicles from passenger cars to heavy-duty trucks. However, it has been reported that nano-size PM has a harmful effect on human health. Therefore, it is desirable that PM regulations should be tightened.
This paper will describe the influence of the DPF material characteristics on PM filtration efficiency and emissions levels, in addition to pressure drop.
T. Mizutani, A. Kaneda, S. Ichikawa, Y. Miyairi, E. Ohara, A. Takahashi, K. Yuuki, H. Matsuda, H. Kurachi, T. Toyoshima, T. Ito, I. Lappas, C. D. Vogt, M. Tanaka, A. Martin, S. Fujii, P. Busch
NGK Insulators, Ltd., NGK Europe GmbH, NGK Automotive Ceramics USA, Inc.