Friction Stir Welding of Dissimilar Magnesium Alloys for Automotive Applications 2007-01-1026
In this research, the feasibility of FSW dissimilar magnesium alloys was investigated. Specifically, die cast MRI-153M and wrought AZ31 were butt-welded. The effects of weld parameters such as tool rotation and weld speed on the weld quality have been characterized in terms of macrostructure, microstructure, hardness profile as well as tensile strength. A relatively wide FSW process window exists to achieve void-free welds. In the stir zone MRI-153M transforms from cast structure to fine grain structure during FSW, while AZ31 transforms from originally twinned grains to equi-axed grains without twins. MRI-153M in the stir zone becomes stronger than the base metal and the stir zone on the AZ31 side becomes weaker than the base metal. Tensile coupons failed in the base metal of MRI-153M, and the tensile strength was found to depend on the quality of the base metal of MRI-153M. The FSW process was successfully demonstrated on an oil pan made from dissimilar Mg alloys of die cast MRI-153M and wrought AZ31.