Joining Aluminum to Nylon Using Frictional Heat 2007-01-1701
An experimental study was conducted to investigate the potential of spot joining aluminum with nylon using frictional heat. The process utilizes the heat generated by friction between a rotating tool surface and the aluminum sheet surface to melt nylon locally in the joining area and create a mechanical interlock between the aluminum and nylon sheets. Lap shear joint specimens were prepared using this process to investigate the effect of several parameters such as tool geometry, tool RPM, tool hold time, tool plunge depth and tool feed rate. Tensile tests were conducted to evaluate the joint strength and to investigate the failure mechanisms of the joint. Furthermore, the effects of cleaning the aluminum surface and baking of the nylon on the joint strength were also studied in this paper. Finally, friction heat generated joints were compared with adhesively bonded joints between aluminum and nylon. The results obtained from the lap shear tests conducted, indicated that the friction joints' strengths were indeed higher compared to adhesively bonded joints.