Study on Emission Reducing Method with New Lean NOX Catalyst for Diesel Engines 2007-01-1933
In recent years, emission regulations have become more stringent as a result of increased environmental awareness in each region of the world. For diesel engines, reducing NOX emissions is a difficult technical challenge.,,,.
To respond to these strict regulations, an exhaust gas aftertreatment system was developed, featuring a lean NOX catalyst (LNC) that uses a new chemical reaction mechanism to reduce NOX.
The feature of the new LNC is the way it reduces NOX through an NH3-selective catalytic reduction (SCR), in which NOX adsorbed in the lean mixture condition is converted to NH3 in the rich mixture condition and reduced in the following lean mixture condition. Thus, the new system allows the effective reduction of NOX. However, in order to realize cleaner emission gases, precise engine control in response to the state of the exhaust aftertreatment system is essential. This control includes maintaining the LNC activation state and reducing NOX emissions before LNC activation.
In this study, effective NOX reduction technology was developed by combining controls, such as that for maintaining LNC activation temperature, with studies of engine emission improvements and techniques to supply reductant to the catalyst.