Gear Whine Modulation Root Cause Analysis and Elimination 2007-01-2235
As engines and powertrains become quieter, sound quality becomes more important as an indicator of product quality. As a consequence, there is a heightened need to reduce gear noise.
The objective of this work was to identify the source and cause of a modulated gear whine. The approach taken to identify the source of the modulation involved running a full powertrain on a spin stand and minimizing the number of meshing gear pairs until the offending pairs were identified. Further experimental testing and analysis models were employed to determine the cause of the modulation. From proximity probe measurements and backed up by the analytical model, it was determined that one of the gear mesh suffered from inadequate bearing support and off-center gear loads. This condition caused a tilt in one of the meshing gears which created a sideband that modulated with the primary meshing frequency of the transfer gear at cruise speed.
The solution chosen was to separate the meshing frequencies by slightly changing the gear ratio. The slanting of the gear was also addressed by increasing the length of the under-gear support bearing.