Development of a Single-Fluid Consumable Infrastructure for Life Support Systems 2007-01-3246
Decomposition of high-grade hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) generates water vapor, oxygen, and heat. By converting heat to electrical energy with a Stirling engine, a spacesuit portable life support system can be maintained exclusively with H2O2; however, incorporation of additional cooling water may reduce the overall system mass. System components comprising the hydrogen peroxide portable life support system (HyPerPLSS) are discussed and analyzed. Component considerations and thermodynamic relations indicate an optimal hydrogen peroxide concentration of 95%. Life support requirements for eight hours of extravehicular activity are satisfied with 10.9 kg of liquid H2O2.