Browse Publications Technical Papers 2007-01-4104

Effects of Toluene Addition to Primary Reference Fuel at High Temperature 2007-01-4104

The ignition delay times of primary reference fuel (PRF) and toluene mixtures have been measured behind the reflected shock waves. The range of experiments covered combustion of fuel in diluted argon for stoichiometric mixtures, pressures of 2.5 atm, temperatures from 1200-1600 K, 0.4% of fuel concentration. The ignition delay times of n-heptane increased with the addition of toluene. However the ignition delay times of iso-octane decreased with the addition of toluene from 0 to 50% and increased from 50 to 100%. A detailed kinetic model with cross reactions considered in this study can not reproduce the trend of ignition delay times for iso-octane/toluene mixtures. From the reaction path analysis, it was suggested that cross reactions between alkenes and aromatics are required to account for these experimental results.


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