Steer-by-Wire Control of a Light Commercial Vehicle Using a Hardware-in-the-Loop Test Setup 2007-01-4198
This paper is on the design of a steer-by-wire system for a light commercial vehicle. A hardware-in-the-loop simulation test rig with the actual rack and pinion mechanism of the light commercial vehicle under study was built for this purpose. The steer-by-wire actuator can be placed on either the second pinion, the first pinion or both in the double pinion steering test system used. The hardware and geometry of the steering test rig are identical to the implementation of the steering system in the test vehicle. Unnecessary and expensive road testing is avoided with this approach as most problems are identified and solved in the hardware-in-the-loop simulation phase conducted in the laboratory where the steering subsystem and its controller exist as hardware and the rest of the vehicle exist as a software model running in real time. Hardware-in-the-loop simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed controller design in tracking desired steering dynamics.