Thermal Management of a Four-way Catalyst System with Alternative Combustions for Achieving Future Emissions Standard 2007-24-0103
Four-way catalyst system consisting of diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC), diesel particulate filter (DPF) and lean NOx trap (LNT) with alternative combustion such as low temperature combustion (LTC) and premixed controlled compression ignition (PCCI) is one of the effective ways to achieve the US Tier 2 Bin 5 and future European emissions for light duty diesel vehicles. However, thermal responses such as substrate temperature and temperature gradient of each catalyst component in the exhaust treatment system are different under different combustion modes and operation conditions. One exhaust treatment component's performance or durability can not be sacrificed for the sake of another. In this paper, thermal management strategies for exhaust treatment component temperature and temperature gradient by controlling lean and rich conditions of low temperature combustions as well as premixed controlled combustion, EGR rate and exhaust flow are demonstrated on a Renault G9T600 engine. Results showing improved overall exhaust treatment system performance by optimized temperature control and reduced temperature gradient are discussed.