Pathline Analysis of Full-cycle Four-stroke HCCI Engine Combustion Using CFD and Multi-Zone Modeling 2008-01-0048
This paper investigates flow and combustion in a full-cycle simulation of a four-stroke, three-valve HCCI engine by visualizing the flow with pathlines. Pathlines trace massless particles in a transient flow field. In addition to visualization, pathlines are used here to trace the history, or evolution, of flow fields and species. In this study evolution is followed from the intake port through combustion.
Pathline analysis follows packets of intake charge in time and space from induction through combustion. The local scalar fields traversed by the individual packets in terms of velocity magnitude, turbulence, species concentration and temperatures are extracted from the simulation results. The results show how the intake event establishes local chemical and thermal environments in-cylinder and how the species respond (chemically react) to the local field.
Flow is modeled with KIVA3V-MZ-MPI, which is a multi-zone combustion model implementation of KIVA3V that calculates detailed combustion chemistry. Chemical reactions are modeled with a 29-specie, 52-reaction, n-heptane mechanism developed by the University of Wisconsin-Engine Research Center. The engine modeled is the 4-stroke, automotive HCCI research engine of Sandia National Laboratories fueled with n-heptane.