An Optical Study of Spray Development and Combustion of Ethanol, Iso-Octane and Gasoline Blends in a DISI Engine 2008-01-0073
In recent times regulatory pressure to reduce CO2 emissions has driven research towards looking at blending fossil fuels with alternatives such as crop-produced alcohols. The alcohol of interest in this paper is ethanol and it was studied in mixtures with gasoline and iso-octane in an optical spark-ignition engine, running at 1500 RPM at low-load operation with 0.5 bar absolute intake plenum pressure. Specifically, tests involved fuels of 100% gasoline and 100% iso-octane, so that differences between multi and single-component fuels could be compared within this environment. A mixture of 25% ethanol with 75% iso-octane was also tested and compared. Finally, mixtures of high-percentage of ethanol (85% ethanol) in gasoline and in iso-octane were used in the study and compared. Tests were undertaken using a standard port injection system as well as a direct injection system so an appraisal of both mixture preparation methods could be made. Initially, a high-speed imaging study of the in-cylinder spray formation was undertaken with the direct injection system for different injection timings and engine-head temperatures under motoring engine conditions. The engine was also run with continuous firing using all fuels. In-cylinder pressure data were collected at 0.2° crank angle resolution for each cycle and synchronized with simultaneous high-speed flame imaging at 1° crank angle resolution for a series of 100 consecutive cycles for all test points. The flame images were processed to quantify the evolution of an equivalent flame radius.
Citation: Aleiferis, P., Malcolm, J., Todd, A., Cairns, A. et al., "An Optical Study of Spray Development and Combustion of Ethanol, Iso-Octane and Gasoline Blends in a DISI Engine," SAE Technical Paper 2008-01-0073, 2008, https://doi.org/10.4271/2008-01-0073. Download Citation
P. G. Aleiferis, J. S. Malcolm, A. R. Todd, A. Cairns, H. Hoffmann
University College London, UK, MAHLE Powertrain Ltd., Northampton, UK, MAHLE International GmbH, Stuttgart, Germany