Improvement of an LS-DYNA Fuel Delivery Module (FDM) Crash Simulation 2008-01-0253
This paper proposes and evaluates improvements to a crash simulation of a fuel delivery module in a fuel tank. The simulations were performed in ANSYS/LS-DYNA. Deviations between the original simulation and test data were studied and reasons for the deviations hypothesized. These reasons stemmed from some of the simplifying assumptions of the model. Improvements consisted of incorporating plasticity and strain rate effects into the material models. Performance criteria were also directly incorporated into the material models such that non-performing portions of the model could be deactivated during the simulation. Finally, solid-fluid interactions were added into the simulation to include the momentum transfer from fuel to the fuel delivery module. It was previously thought that effects of a crash would be most severe on the module when the fuel tank was empty and the module was full with fuel. This was challenged because momentum transfer from fuel to the modules exterior was thought to be significant when the tank is half full. The new simulation demonstrates a half full tank is indeed the worst case.