How NHTSA Would Analyze the Costs and Benefits of Fire Safety 2008-01-0258
The objective of this paper is to describe the general methodology used by NHTSA to perform cost-effectiveness analyses and cost-benefit analyses. This general method will then be directed towards how one could analyze fire countermeasures, providing two analyses as examples. First, for crash related fires, NHTSA's 2003 analysis on fuel tank integrity will be used. Second, for non-crash related fires, NHTSA's 2001 analysis of radiator caps will be used. The paper will describe what data sources were used to determine the target population, the severity of injuries, the costs of burns by injury severity, the cost of the fire countermeasures, etc. While not analyzing any specific fire countermeasure, the methodology will be described in enough detail that others could potentially follow the methodology and make estimates for their own purposes.