Browse Publications Technical Papers 2008-01-0432
2008-04-14

Optimization of a Forged Steel Crankshaft Subject to Dynamic Loading 2008-01-0432

In this study a dynamic simulation was conducted on a forged steel crankshaft from a single cylinder four stroke engine. Finite element analysis was performed to obtain the variation of the stress magnitude at critical locations. The dynamic analysis resulted in the development of the load spectrum applied to the crankpin bearing. This load was then applied to the FE model and boundary conditions were applied according to the engine mounting conditions. Results obtained from the aforementioned analysis were then used in optimization of the forged steel crankshaft. Geometry, material, and manufacturing processes were optimized using different geometric constraints, manufacturing feasibility, and cost. The first step in the optimization process was weight reduction of the component considering dynamic loading. This required the stress range under dynamic loading not to exceed the magnitude of the stress range in the original crankshaft. Possible weight reduction options and their combinations were considered. The optimization and weight reduction were considered in an interactive manner and evaluated by manufacturing feasibility and cost. The optimization process resulted in an 18% weight reduction, increased fatigue strength, and a reduced cost of the crankshaft.

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