Alloy Design for Long Term Cyclability of Si Based Anode Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries 2008-01-0686
Composites comprising silicon (Si), graphite (C) and polyacrylonitrile based disordered carbon (PC), denoted as Si/C/PC, have been synthesized by thermal treatment of high energy mechanically milled silicon, graphite, and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) powder of nominal composition 42wt.%C-28wt.%Si-30wt.%PAN. The resultant Si/C/PC composite exhibits a 1st charge capacity of ∼1015mAh/g with a fade in capacity ∼0.31% per cycle when cycled at a rate of ∼160mA/g. In order to improve the cyclability of the Si/C/PC composite system, the alloying/dealloying behavior of lithium ion with silicon has been studied to minimize the volume expansion/contraction during electrochemical cycling, and accordingly changes in the alloy composition has been proposed to fulfill the requirements for practical application.
Nanotechnology for Automotive Applications - Nanomaterial for Energy Devices, 2008-SP-2177, SAE International Journal of Materials and Manufacturing-V117-5EJ, SAE International Journal of Materials and Manufacturing-V117-5