An Investigation of Vehicle HVAC Cabin Noise 2008-01-0836
Noise and vibration have an important influence on a customer's perception of vehicle quality and cabin interior noise levels are a key criteria. The interior sound levels of automobiles have been significantly reduced over the years, with reductions in power train, tire and external wind noise. One of the highest in-cabin noise levels now arises from heating, ventilating and air conditioning systems, generated by the air-rush noise at various HVAC settings. Thus quieter climate control systems are desired by car manufacturers.
A systematic benchmarking study was performed to investigate the in-cabin noise of vehicles. 21 passenger cars including compact, mid-size, full-size, and a truck were selected. Tests were conducted on relatively new production vehicles in various conditions. A binaural head system was used in front passenger seat to measure noise levels. The methodology used and the experimental results were presented in this paper.
It was found that the design of the HVAC system has a major influence on the vehicle in-cabin acoustic performance. The size/price of the vehicle may not correlate to the cabin quietness due to the complexity of acoustic effects in the HVAC system.