Fuel Efficiency Improvements of Low Temperature Combustion Diesel Engines 2008-01-0841
Previous work indicated that low temperature combustion (LTC) in diesel engines was capable of reducing nitrogen oxides and soot simultaneously, when implemented with highly premixed lean cylinder charge or by the use of high exhaust gas recirculation. However, the fuel efficiency of the low temperature combustion cycles was commonly compromised by the high levels of hydrocarbon and carbon monoxide emissions. Additionally, in cases of diesel homogeneous charge cycles, the combustion process may even occur before the piston completes the compression stroke, which may cause excessive efficiency reduction and combustion roughness. Empirical procedures were implemented to better phase and complete the combustion process. The impact of heat release phasing, duration, shaping, and splitting on the thermal efficiency has also been analyzed with zero-dimensional engine cycle simulations. This paper intends to identify the pathways to improve the fuel efficiency of diesel LTC cycles.