Residual Stress Analysis of Air-Quenched Engine Aluminum Cylinder Heads 2008-01-1420
Residual stress of an air quenched engine cylinder head is studied in the present paper. The numerical simulation is accomplished by sequential thermal and stress analyses. Thermal history of the cylinder head is simulated by using the commercial Computation Fluid Mechanics (CFD) code FLUENT. The only parameter adjustable in the analysis is the incoming air speed. Predicted temperatures at two locations are comparable with available thermocouple data. Stress analysis is performed using ABAQUS with a Ford proprietary material constitutive relation, which is based on coupon tests on the as-solution treated material. Both temperature and strain rate impacts on material behavior of the as-solution treated material are considered in the stress and strain model. Predicted residual strain is shown to be consistent with measured data, which is obtained by using strain gauging and sectioning method.