Fatigue Performance and Residual Stress of Carburized Gear Steels Part I: Residual Stress 2008-01-1424
This particular study focuses on four specific gear steels: SAE 4320, SAE 8822, PS18, and 20MnCr5. Notched specimens are manufactured from the four materials. Three point bending experiments were conducted which include ultimate tests and fatigue tests. Part I is on ultimate test only. Part II will concentrate on fatigue testing.
In order to see how the carburization affected the fatigue performance of these steels, a residual stress test was performed on one sample of each steel by mean of the incremental hole drilling method. The compressive stresses were found in all four steels with minimum and maximum stress approximately equal. This suggests that the residual stresses are biaxial in the carburized steel case. The difference between the maximum and minimum stresses is within 37% for all steels. The residual stress after the carburization process were found to be highest in the 4320 steel and SAE 8822, followed by PS 18 and then MnCr.