Browse Publications Technical Papers 2008-01-1575
2008-06-23

Study on Ethylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether Peanut Oil Monoester as a Novel Biodiesel 2008-01-1575

In this paper, a novel biodiesel, ethylene glycol monomethyl ether peanut oil monoester, was developed. It was synthesized through transesterification reaction with refined peanut oil and ethylene glycol monomethyl ether as reactants and KOH as catalyst. Its chemical structure was identified through FT-IR, 1H NMR and GPC analyses. Engine test was conducted and the results showed that engine-out smoke emissions were decreased by 25.0% to 75.0%, CO emissions reduced by up to 50.0% and unburned HC emissions lessened significantly. NOx emissions generally did not change noticeably. The new peanut oil monoester has higher cetane number leading to auto-ignition 1.2°CA earlier than diesel fuel during diesel engine operation. Due to more amount of oxygen contained in the new biodiesel, the engine thermal efficiency was improved by 5.5% to 15.4% when fueled with the biofuel compared with diesel fuel.

SAE MOBILUS

Subscribers can view annotate, and download all of SAE's content. Learn More »

Access SAE MOBILUS »

Members save up to 18% off list price.
Login to see discount.
Special Offer: Download multiple Technical Papers each year? TechSelect is a cost-effective subscription option to select and download 12-100 full-text Technical Papers per year. Find more information here.
We also recommend:
TECHNICAL PAPER

Exhaust emission toxicity evaluation for heavy duty diesel and natural gas engines. Part I: regulated and unregulated emissions with diesel fuel and a blend of diesel fuel and biodiesel

2001-24-0044

View Details

JOURNAL ARTICLE

The Impact of Diesel and Biodiesel Fuel Composition on a Euro V HSDI Engine with Advanced DPNR Emissions Control

2009-01-1903

View Details

TECHNICAL PAPER

Tailor-Made Fuels from Biomass: Influence of Molecular Structures on the Exhaust Gas Emissions of Compression Ignition Engines

2013-36-0571

View Details

X