Browse Publications Technical Papers 2008-01-2096
2008-06-29

Characterizing the Influence of Temperature and Vacuum Quality on the Desorption Kinetics of Commercial Adsorbents 2008-01-2096

Understanding the effects of dynamic thermal and vacuum regeneration on VOC desorption kinetics is needed for the development of regenerable trace contaminant control air revitalization systems. The effects of temperature and vacuum quality on the desorption kinetics of ethanol from Carbosieve SIII were examined using 1 hour regeneration cycles. The effect of vacuum quality on ethanol desorption was studied by exposing adsorption tubes loaded with ethanol to low pressures (1.0, 0.5, 0.3, and 0.12 atm) at various thermal regeneration temperatures (160, 100, 70, and 25 °C). At 1 atm of pressure, ethanol removal was found to increase from 2% at 25 °C, to 25% at 70 °C, to 55% at 100 °C, and to 77% at 160 °C. Decreasing the atmospheric pressure from 1 to 0.1 atm for 1 hr did not significantly enhance Carbosieve SIII regeneration at ambient temperatures (25 °C). However, heating the adsorbent at low pressures enhanced its regeneration. An altitude chamber was used for studying desorption with high vacuum (∼1-2 torr). High vacuum improved vacuum regeneration at ambient temperatures by ∼15%. Adsorbed water decreased thermal/vacuum regeneration of adsorption tubes by as much as 20%. These studies were conducted to select commercial adsorbents for future air revitalization systems.

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