Development of Urine Receptacle Assembly for the Crew Exploration Vehicle 2008-01-2144
The Urine Receptacle Assembly (URA) initially was developed for Apollo as a primary means of urine collection. The aluminum housing with stainless steel honeycomb insert provided all male crewmembers with a non-invasive means of micturating into a urine capturing device and then venting to space. The performance of the URA was a substantial improvement over previous devices but its performance was not well understood.
The Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV) program is exploring the URA as a contingency liquid waste management system for the vehicle. URA improvements are required to meet CEV requirements, including consumables minimization, flow performance, acceptable hygiene standards, crew comfort, and female crewmember capability.
This paper presents the results of a historical review of URA performance during the Apollo program, recent URA performance tests on the reduced gravity aircraft under varying flow conditions, and a proposed development plan for the URA to meet CEV needs.