Browse Publications Technical Papers 2008-01-2669
2008-10-07

Optimization of Nonlinear Spring and Damper Characteristics for Vehicle Ride and Handling Improvement 2008-01-2669

In this paper, the optimum linear/nonlinear spring and linear/nonlinear damper force versus displacement and force versus velocity characteristic functions, respectively, are determined using simple lumped parameter models of a quarter car front independent suspension and a half car rear solid axle suspension of a light commercial vehicle. The complexity of a nonlinear function optimization problem is reduced by determining the shape a priori based on typical shapes supplied by the car manufacturer and then scaling it up or down in the optimization process. The vehicle ride and handling responses are investigated considering models of increased complexity. The linear and nonlinear optimized spring characteristics are first obtained using lower complexity lumped parameter models. The commercial vehicle dynamics software Carmaker is then used in the optimization as the higher complexity, more realistic model. The performance of the optimized suspension units are also verified using this more realistic Carmaker model.

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