Optimized Engine Accessory Drive Resulting in Vehicle FE Improvement 2008-01-2761
A belt driven Front End Accessory Drive (FEAD) is used to efficiently supply power to accessory components on automotive engines. The total energy absorbed by the FEAD consists of the accessory component requirements, the belt deformation and friction losses as well as the bearing losses. The accessory component torque requirements provide accessory function such as air conditioning, fluid pumping and electrical power generation. Alternatively, belt related torque losses are a significant parasitic loss, since they do not contribute any useful work.
This paper will explain the source of energy loss in FEADs and outline a comprehensive strategy to reduce it. Test results comparing the effect of reduced friction on fuel consumption will be presented as well.