Dynamic Analyses of Different Concept Car Suspension System Layouts 2009-01-0360
Ride performance characteristics of a road vehicle involving different suspension system layouts are investigated. The suspension layouts consist of conventional rectangular 4-wheel, novel diamond-shaped 4-wheel, triangular 3-wheel and inverse-triangular 3-wheel. A generalized full-vehicle model integrating different suspension system layouts is formulated. The fundamental suspension properties are compared in terms of bounce-, roll- and pitch-mode. The ride dynamic responses and power consumption characteristics are explored under two measured road roughness excitations and a range of vehicle speeds. The results demonstrate that the novel diamond-shaped suspension system layout could yield significantly enhanced vehicle ride performance in an energy-saving manner.