Controlled Impulse Voltage Source for Vehicles Power Electronic 2009-01-0531
Power field effect transistors are used and will be used in almost all automotive systems. Control of field effect power transistors requires isolated 5V control signals and isolated 12V DC sources. The first problem is resolved by using optical pairs: light emitting diodes with phototransistors. The second problem can be resolved by using impulse voltage sources. The primary coil of a transformer is connected to the battery by a transistor switch. In the first period of operation of this voltage source, the energy is stored in the magnetic field of transformer’s inductance. In the second period, the energy is delivered to the output voltage source. Energy is delivered from the secondary transformer’s coil to the output capacitor through a diode. As a rule, one separate voltage source has a small power, that is why one impulse voltage source can have the necessary number of isolated output voltage sources, i.e., 3, 6, 9, 12, etc So, we can design an impulse DC to DC voltage source with multiple isolated output voltage sources.
By changing the charge time of the inductor, we can control the output voltage by using negative feedback proportional to the output voltage and/or current. In the report, different variants of impulse voltage sources are considered, with analog base elements and on the base of microprocessors. Analyses operation of these impulse voltage sources gives us an opportunity to determine the period (frequency) of internal operation with ordered maximum transformer efficiency values.
The concept of controlled impulse voltage sources is very important because these sources are very simple. They are reliable and have high level of electrical isolation.