Adapted D-Optimal Experimental Design for Transient Emission Models of Diesel Engines 2009-01-0621
Emission abatement is one of the main targets in engine development and design today. Modern turbocharged CRDI Diesel engines with variable turbine geometry (VTG) and exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) provide new degrees of freedom for air path control with enormous effects on emissions. Exploiting these degrees of freedom usually involves a huge calibration work, as sensors are available only for few quantities and dynamical models are mostly not available, so feedback or model based optimization is hardly possible.
This paper presents a time efficient data based strategy to obtain such models yielding an accurate as well as robust emission model for nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) by means of design of experiment. The model output is generated by smoothly switching between local models, representing different engine operating points. An adapted D-optimal design of experiments strategy provides optimal data for model identification. By this strategy, efforts for measurements can be minimized and model quality can be maximized.