Cost and Fuel Efficient SCR-only Solution for Post-2010 HD Emission Standards 2009-01-0915
A promising SCR-only solution is presented to meet post-2010 NOx emission targets for heavy duty applications. The proposed concept is based on an engine from a EURO IV SCR application, which is considered optimal with respect to fuel economy and costs. The addition of advanced SCR after treatment comprising a standard and a close-coupled SCR catalyst offers a feasible emission solution, especially suited for EURO VI.
In this paper, results of a simulation study are presented. This study concentrates on optimizing SCR deNOx performance. Simulation results of cold start FTP and WHTC test cycles are presented to demonstrate the potential of the close-coupled SCR concept. Comparison with measured engine out emissions of an EGR engine shows that a close-coupled SCR catalyst potentially has NOx reduction performance as good as EGR. Practical issues regarding the use of an SCR catalyst in close-coupled position will be addressed, as well as engine and exhaust layout.
For comparison, the requirements of a US 2010/EURO VI compliant high EGR engine are discussed: base engine design, heat rejection, fuel injection equipment, turbo charging and fuel economy. From this study, it is concluded that the SCR-only approach leads to a less expensive engine design with better fuel economy and lower PM emissions.