Browse Publications Technical Papers 2009-01-1138
2009-04-20

Reliability and Life Study of Hydraulic Solenoid Valve - Part 1 - A Multi-physics Finite Element Model 2009-01-1138

A comprehensive multi-physics theoretical model of the solenoid valve used in an automobile transmission is constructed using the finite element method. The multi-physics model includes the coupled effects of electromagnetic, thermodynamics and solid mechanics. The resulting finite element model of the solenoid valve provides useful information on the temperature distribution, mechanical and thermal deformations, and stresses. The model results predict that the solenoid valve is susceptible to a coupled electrical-thermo-mechanical failure mechanism. The coil can generate heat which can cause compressive stress and high temperatures that in turn could fail the insulation between the coil wires. The model facilitates the characterization of the solenoid valve performance, life and reliability and can be used as a predictive tool in future solenoid design.

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