Engine Cooling Module Sizing Using Combined 1-Dimensional and CFD Modeling Tools 2009-01-1177
Engine cooling module air flows depend on package components and vehicle front end geometry. For years, in the early stages of vehicle development, front end geometry air flows were determined from 3/8 scale models or retrofit of similar existing vehicles. As time to market has become much shorter, finite element modeling of air flows is the only tool available. This paper describes how finite element simulations of front end air flows can be run early in the development program independent of any specific engine cooling module configuration and then coupled with traditional one-dimensional component performance models to predict cooling module air flows. The CFD simulation thus replaces the previous scale model testing process. The CFD simulations are used to determine the two parameters that characterize the front end geometry flow resistance (recovery coefficient and internal loss coefficient). Because these two parameters are independent of any specific set of cooling module components, the number of time consuming CFD simulations is minimized. From this the cooling module heat transfer can be predicted and component selection may proceed.