Estimation of Knee Ligament Injury Measures for a Pedestrian Dummy 2009-01-1212
In order to enhance understanding of pedestrian injury mechanisms, full-body pedestrian dummies have been developed in past studies. The goal of this study was to estimate knee ligament injury measures for a pedestrian dummy based on the correlation between dummy and human responses. For estimating knee ligament force of the dummy approximating the average ligament failure, finite element (FE) human and dummy knee joint models were subjected to dynamic 4-point bending. The estimated measures for the modified dummy knee ligaments were 3.0, 0.5 and 1.1 kN for the MCL, PCL and ACL, respectively. A full-body FE dummy model was subjected to impacts from a small sedan and a Sport Utility Vehicle (SUV) for validating the estimated force levels. The results showed that the estimated dummy knee ligament force levels predicted failure of human knee ligaments that is likely to take place first when leg fractures are not present in impacts from a small sedan and a SUV.