Police Accident Report Restraint Usage Accuracy and Injury Severity 2009-01-1253
Police accident reports (PARs) of motor vehicle collisions typically include information regarding occupant restraint use. It has been suggested that PARs overestimate restraint use. Previous studies comparing PAR restraint usage with that determined during a NASS/CDS in-depth investigation found agreement in approximately 90% of cases. The accuracy of PAR-reported restraint usage for outboard vehicle occupants was compared to that determined by NASS/CDS investigators as a function of injury severity and crash type. Restrained occupants were more likely to be identified correctly in the PAR, and unrestrained occupants were more likely to be accurately identified as injury severity increased. Differences in the accuracy of PAR-reported restraint usage rates for different crash types were small.