A New Air Hybrid Engine Using Throttle Control 2009-01-1319
In this work, a new air hybrid engine is introduced in which two throttles are used to manage the engine load in three modes of operation i.e. braking, air motor, and conventional mode. The concept includes an air tank to store pressurized air during braking and rather than a fully variable valve timing (VVT) system, two throttles are utilized. Use of throttles can significantly reduce the complexity of air hybrid engines. The valves need three fixed timing schedules for the three modes of operation. To study this concept, for each mode, the results of engine simulations using GT-Power software are used to generate the operating maps. These maps show the maximum braking torque as well as maximum air motor torque in terms of air tank pressure and engine speed. Moreover, the resulting maps indicate the operating conditions under which each mode is more effective. Based on these maps, a power management strategy is developed to achieve improved fuel economy. To investigate the effectiveness of the proposed air hybrid engine with the power management algorithm, it is modeled in FTP 75 standard driving cycle using neural networks trained from GT-Power simulation data. The results are compared with a conventional engine and it shows that the air hybrid engine is 22% more efficient than the conventional engine.