Browse Publications Technical Papers 2009-01-1502

Numerical and Experimental Analyses of Mixture Formation Process Using a Fan-shaped DI Gasoline Spray: Examinations on Effects of Crosswind and Wall Impingement 2009-01-1502

The analysis of spray characteristics is important to examine the combustion characteristics of DI (Direct Injection) gasoline engines because the fuel-air mixture formation is controlled by spray characteristics and in-cylinder gas motion. However, the mixture formation process has not been well clarified yet. In this study, the characteristics of a fan-shaped spray caused from a slit-type injector, such as the droplet size, its velocity and the droplet distribution were simultaneously measured on a 2D plane by using improved ILIDS (Interferometric Laser Imaging for Droplet Sizing) method. ILIDS method is an optical measurement technique using interference fringes by illuminating a transparent spherical particles with a coherent laser light. In the measurement of the wall-impinging spray, effects of the distance to the wall and the wall temperature on the spray characteristics were investigated. As a result, it was found that the SMD (Sauter Mean Diameter) near the wall surface increased with smaller distance. Meanwhile, in the measurement of spray under a crosswind, the relative velocity of between the droplet and the ambient gas was found influential on the atomization. Additionally, numerical simulation of the spray with a crosswind was examined. The in-nozzle two phase flow was calculated using VOF (Volume of Fluid) model and also the spray formation process was calculated using DDM (Discrete Droplet Model) with mathematical sub-models.
As a result, the effects of boundary conditions at nozzle exit, breakup model and drag force model were evaluated comparing with experimental results.


Subscribers can view annotate, and download all of SAE's content. Learn More »


Members save up to 43% off list price.
Login to see discount.
Special Offer: With TechSelect, you decide what SAE Technical Papers you need, when you need them, and how much you want to pay.