Browse Publications Technical Papers 2009-01-1524
2009-04-20

Potential to Improve Specific Power Using Very High Injection Pressure In HSDI Diesel Engines 2009-01-1524

Engine downsizing is one of the most promising engine solutions to improve efficiency, but requires higher specific performance because of a lower engine displacement. The study is based on experimental work performed with an IFP prototype single cylinder engine, representative of passenger car applications. This engine enables very high specific power, with a high level of thermal and mechanical constraints. Tests were carried out on both full load and part load operation with a prototype common rail equipment capable of very high fuel pressure (up to 250 MPa).
Results show that increasing fuel flow rate using fuel injection pressure instead of increasing nozzle hole diameter is more advantageous at full load, mainly because a lower nozzle hole diameter improves air entrainment. Benefits observed with increased injection pressure are enhanced when associated with upgraded engine thermo-mechanical limits, and advanced turbo charging system. Finally, by combining high injection pressure with high boost pressure and high maximum in-cylinder pressure, very high specific power (85-90 kW/l) and high fuel/air equivalence ratios (0.9) can be achieved.

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