Investigations on the Heat Transfer in HCCI Gasoline Engines 2009-01-1804
In this work, heat loss was investigated in two different HCCI single cylinder engines. Thermocouples were adapted to the surfaces of the cylinder heads and the temperature oscillations were detected in a wide range of the engine operation conditions. The local heat transfer is analyzed with port fuel and direct injection, for different engine parameters and operating points. It is shown that the spatially averaged measured heat loss in HCCI operation represents the global heat loss well. The spatial variations are small in the operation map presuming stable operating points with low cyclic variations and good engine performance.
Furthermore, the heat loss measured in HCCI operation is compared to the heat loss detected in homogeneous and stratified DI-SI operation in the same engine. It is shown that the local heat losses in stratified DI-SI operation show large variations, depending on the direction of the flame propagation. A comparison with the averaged measured heat loss is not valid for this operation mode.
Finally the measured heat losses in HCCI operation are compared with the predictions of existing heat transfer correlations. As major discrepancies can be stated a new model is shown which more precisely describes heat losses in HCCI mode when compared to existing models.