Browse Publications Technical Papers 2009-01-1823

The Effect of Gasoline Additives on Combustion Generated Nano-scale Particulates 2009-01-1823

Recent developments in measurement techniques enabled researchers to measure ultra-fine particulates of nano-scale range and provided more evidence that the smaller particulates typically emitted from gasoline engines may have more severe impacts on human respiratory system than the bigger particulates from diesel engines. The knowledge of the characteristics of particulates from gasoline engines, especially, the effect of fuel borne additives is sparse. This work presents the findings from a study into the effect of aftermarket additives on nano-scale particulates. Four commercially available fuel borne additives used in gasoline engines mainly by private vehicle owners in the United Kingdom were selected for this study. The combustion and emission performance of the additive fuels were compared against that of commercially available gasoline fuel using a 4-stroke, throttle body injected gasoline engine. The engine-out particulates in the range of 5 to 1000 nm were measured using a fast particle spectrometer along with the in-cylinder pressure trace. The work identified that the total particulate count for certain types of additives are two orders of magnitude greater than that of base fuel at the same engine operating condition. In contrast, other types of additives produce significantly lower levels of particulate when compared with the base fuel especially in the range of 10 nm size.


Subscribers can view annotate, and download all of SAE's content. Learn More »


Members save up to 17% off list price.
Login to see discount.
Special Offer: Download multiple Technical Papers each year? TechSelect is a cost-effective subscription option to select and download 12-100 full-text Technical Papers per year. Find more information here.
We also recommend:

Effect of Using Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) on the Emission Characteristics of the CI Engine Fuelled by Acetone-Butanol-Ethanol (ABE) Diesel Blends


View Details


Investigation of VVT and spark timing on combustion and particle emission from a GDI Engine during transient operation


View Details


The Impact of Fuel Ethanol Content on Particulate Emissions from Light-Duty Vehicles Featuring Spark Ignition Engines


View Details