Browse Publications Technical Papers 2009-01-1850
2009-06-15

US and EU Market Biodiesel Blends Quality Review – An OEM Perspective 2009-01-1850

Biodiesel has become a major alternative fuel for automotive applications demonstrated by its increasing presence in the market place. This paper summarizes test results for recently collected retail samples of biodiesel (B100) and blended biodiesel from the U.S. and the European Union to provide a snap shot of current fuel quality in each market. Properties reported included biodiesel content, oxidation stability, acid number, water, metals, and glycerin content. For B100, only total contamination measured as particulates was significantly lower for the EU than the U.S. For blends containing up to 5% biodiesel, there were significant differences between the U.S. and the EU in sulfur content, oxidation stability (Rancimat), cetane number, and cloud point. For blends higher than B5, present only in the U.S., pump labeling was found to be a poor indicator of biodiesel content. Also, the results showed that Karl Fischer water limit could be substituted for water and sediment without hardship to the industry. While average quality in the EU was generally better than in the U.S., the spread of values in the U.S. showed that its quality could match that found in the EU for any property.

SAE MOBILUS

Subscribers can view annotate, and download all of SAE's content. Learn More »

Access SAE MOBILUS »

Members save up to 18% off list price.
Login to see discount.
We also recommend:
TECHNICAL PAPER

Study on Ethylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether Peanut Oil Monoester as a Novel Biodiesel

2008-01-1575

View Details

TECHNICAL PAPER

Particulate Emissions from a Common Rail Fuel Injection Diesel Engine with RME-based Biodiesel Blended Fuelling Using Thermo-gravimetric Analysis

2008-01-0074

View Details

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Effect of the Molecular Structure of Individual Fatty Acid Alcohol Esters (Biodiesel) on the Formation of Nox and Particulate Matter in the Diesel Combustion Process

2008-01-1578

View Details

X