Biomechanical Discomfort Factors in Egress of Older Drivers 2009-01-2283
Discomfort models play a significant role in ergonomic simulation. More detailed and specific discomfort models are required for older drivers who represent the fastest-growing segment of the driving population. Owing to the physical degradation, various biomechanical discomfort factors should be incorporated into the model to properly evaluate discomfort for the older population group. In this experimental study we attempted to identify and quantify biomechanical factors that affect the older drivers' discomfort ratings. Different egress motion strategies (e.g., with and without using assist devices) were designed to induce various physical activities. The corresponding discomfort ratings were then produced. From the kinematic analysis using a digital human body model with reconstructed egress motion, the hip abduction was found to have the most statistically significant effect on the discomfort rating.