Browse Publications Technical Papers 2009-01-2488

Evaluation Of A Passive Water Treatment Device for Contingency Liquid Recovery from Urine for Spacecraft Applications 2009-01-2488

This report describes ground testing of a commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) water treatment device for contingency recovery of potable liquid from ersatz human urine to support spaceflight testing. The Forward Osmosis Bag (FOB) is a portable, passive water treatment device utilizing osmotic potential to move water across a layered, ultra-filtration membrane to remove pathogens and reject chemical contaminants. The FOB is capable of rejecting ≥90% of the salts, ≥85% of the Total Oxidizable Carbon (TOC), ≥95% of the Total Nitrogen (TN), and ≥93% of Urea-Nitrogen (BUN) in the ersatz urine while completely removing a mixed bacterial population of >108 cells per milliliter.


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