Multifunctional System for Trace Gas Contaminants Removal 2009-01-2525
The Atmospheric Revitalization System (ARS) provides carbon dioxide removal, trace contaminant control, and gas constituent analysis. In this field, the interest of RecycLAB , the TAS-I Advanced Live Support Research & Development laboratory is directed to trace gas contaminants removal and monitoring.
During manned space mission, the decontamination of cabin or rack air after contingency events such as fire or pyrolysis is a priority for the crew safety.
In this paper, basic zeolites, obtained by impregnation of common zeolites with a basic oxide, are used to remove acid gas contaminants from air stream. A multi-functional system, able to accommodate reactors of different shape, characteristics and set-up, is used at this purpose. This breadboard, called ZEUS (Zeolites for an Environmental-control Unit in Space), is made of AISI 316L stainless steel and consists of a closed loop, in which the inner volume is completely isolated from the external environment. Selected gases can be injected in the closed loop and their concentrations monitored via dedicated instruments to determine the efficiency of adsorbent materials of interest.