Browse Publications Technical Papers 2009-01-2668

Effects of Different Type of Gasoline Fuels on Heavy Duty Partially Premixed Combustion 2009-01-2668

The effects of fuel properties on the performance and emissions of an engine running in partially premixed combustion mode were investigated using nine test fuels developed in the gasoline boiling point range. The fuels covered a broad range of ignition quality and fuel chemistry.
The fuels were characterized by performing a load sweep between 1 and 12 bar gross IMEP at 1000 and 1300 rpm. A heavy duty single cylinder engine from Scania was used for the experiments; the piston was not modified thus resulting in the standard compression ratio of 18:1.
In order to properly run gasoline type of fuels in partially premixed combustion mode, an advanced combustion concept was developed. The concept involved using a lot of EGR, very high boost and an advanced injection strategy previously developed by the authors.
By applying this concept all the fuels showed gross indicated efficiencies higher than 50% with a peak of 57% at 8 bar IMEP. NOx were mostly below 0.40 g/kWh only in few operative points 0.50 g/kWh was reached. At high load the soot levels were mostly a function of the octane number; with RON higher than 95 it was possible to be below 0.5 FSN while for the more reactive fuels a peak value of 3 FSN was reached at 13 bar IMEP.
The pressure rise rate reached a peak of 19 bar/CAD with fuels which had a RON above 95, when the octane number decreased below 90 the pressure rise rate was always below 14 bar/CAD.


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